I spend most of my programming time writing tools for other programmers. My business (Onyx Neon Press) has a modest amount of code to produce books, but a fair amount of the code in our production process is Pod::Simple and Pod::PseudoPod -- tools for other programmers.
I suspect -- but can't prove sufficiently -- that many of the most popular and most widely used projects on the CPAN are likewise tools for programmers. Moose is a tool for programmers. So are Catalyst, Scalar::Util, Method::Signatures, Devel::NYTProf, and perl5i.
That's not a bad thing. I'm not complaining. It's an observation.
Perhaps CPAN is a tool primarily for developers. That's fine too.
Even so, I wonder where are all of the wonderful applications Perl programmers can mention when people outside the Perl community ask "What's it good for? What can it do for me?"
I'm happy to talk about Padre and BioPerl or Movable Type and Melody. Frozen Bubble is a good story (especially with SDL Perl under fresh development again -- see Kartik Thakore's journal for more SDL Perl details). dotReader didn't get much attention, but it's an impressive project. BBC iPlayer is just on the edge of projects to mention.
I'm not sure bragging about websites implemented in Perl 5 is useful or interesting. For the most part, that's immaterial. A web site is a web site is a web site.
Maybe Perl 5 doesn't need this. Java does pretty well with its comfortable niche in enterprisey web development, Eclipse (a programmer tool for writing programmer tools, remember), and LimeWire. Python gets a boost from the original Bittorrent code (Mercurial is a developer tool, as is embedded Python for game developers and 3D modeling programs). Ruby... well, there's Rails.
I know I've used Perl 5 for system administration, web development, workflow automation, games, visualization, and more. Maybe I'm a very unrepresentative user, and that's fine. Maybe I don't have the mindset to create software for non-developer users and that's probably fine too.
Even so, sometimes I wonder if the Perl community spends so much time obviously and obsessively focused on the needs of other developers that we might neglect some easy and obvious problems where Perl can be part of a great solution.
... not that such users will use Perl directly, but that expanding our area of influence may be a very good idea.